Frequent Questions

What is the status of the Medical Waste Tracking Act (MWTA)?

The regulations promulgated under the MWTA expired on June 21, 1999. The Standards for Tracking and Management of Medical Waste were in effect from June 1989 to June 1991 in five states (New York, New Jersey, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Puerto Rico). During this time, EPA also gathered information and performed several studies related to medical waste management. The MWTA and EPA’s associated program served to focus attention on the medical waste issue and provided a model for some states and other federal agencies in developing their own medical waste programs. 

The MWTA also required EPA to look at various treatment technologies available at the time for their ability to reduce the disease causing potential of medical waste. The technologies that EPA examined in 1990 included incinerators and autoclaves (both on site and off site), microwave units, and various chemical and mechanical systems.

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