Frequent Questions

What is Industrial Waste?

Industrial solid waste means solid waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes that is not a hazardous waste regulated under Subtitle C of RCRA.  Such waste may include, but is not limited to, waste resulting from the following manufacturing processes: electric power generation; fertilizer/agricultural chemicals; food and related products/by-products; inorganic chemicals; iron and steel manufacturing; leather and leather products; nonferrous metals manufacturing/foundries; organic chemicals; plastics and resins manufacturing; pulp and paper industry; rubber and transportation equipment; and water treatment.  This term does not include mining waste or oil and gas waste. (40 CFR 258.2)

American industrial facilities generate and dispose of approximately 7.6 billion tons of industrial solid waste each year.  This number was generated  back in the 1980s and represented wastes generated from 17 different industry groups representing the manufacturing SIC codes, such as organic chemicals, inorganic chemicals, primary iron and steel, plastics and resin manufacturing, stone, clay, glass and concrete, pulp and paper, and food and kindred products.

For more information, see the Guide for Industrial Waste Management, available at the following URL:

www.epa.gov/smm/guide-industrial-waste-management

 

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