Frequent Questions

What is the role of the EPA in nuclear waste storage?

The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) governs the management of hazardous wastes. Some hazardous wastes which are also nuclear waste, called mixed waste, are jointly regulated by RCRA and the Atomic Energy Act.
Additionally, the federal RCRA regulations provide management standards for low-level mixed waste (LLMW), which contains both low-level radioactive waste and RCRA hazardous waste (40 CFR Part 266, Subpart N). Specifically, storage of mixed waste may take advantage of a conditional exemption if the generator, treater, or other handler meets certain eligibility criteria. LLMW is eligible for this exemption if it is generated and managed under a single NRC or NRC Agreement State license. In addition, the waste must meet conditions for notification and storage (§§266.220-266.230).

Additional information regarding mixed waste management, and EPA agency-wide radiation protection program can be found at the following website:

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