Frequent Questions

What design criteria do nonhazardous waste landfills have to meet before beginning operation?

Most nonhazardous solid wastes are disposed in municipal solid waste landfills (MSWLFs). EPA has developed regulatory criteria that establish a framework for planning and implementing MSWLF programs at state and local levels (40 CFR Part 258). You may wish to review the Municipal Solid Waste Landfill Web site, which links to solid waste landfill publications and guidance, available at the following URL:

One specific document that is helpful in understanding Part 258 requirements is the Solid Waste Disposal Facility Criteria: Technical Manual (EPA530-R-93-017). This manual outlines the design and operating criteria for MSWLFs in 40 CFR Part 258 and is located on the Internet at the following URL:

Industrial waste, a separate form of nonhazardous solid waste, consists of nonhazardous waste associated with manufacturing and other industrial activities. Similar to MSWLFs, there are basic federal guidelines for the construction and operation of land disposal facilities that can receive industrial waste (40 CFR Part 257). Aside from federal guidelines established by EPA, much of industrial waste management is regulated at the state level. However, EPA did publish a document entitled Guide for Industrial Waste Management (EPA530-R-03-001) to provide states with technical assistance in developing their industrial waste management regulations. This document is available at the following URL:

In addition to the general resources regarding these regulations, you can directly view federal regulations for nonhazardous solid waste collection (Part 243) as well as rules for MSWLF and industrial waste landfill design and operation (40 CFR Parts 258 and 257) and hazardous waste landfill design (40 CFR Part 264 Subpart N).

If you would like to view state specific regulations for solid waste management, you can locate information on state solid waste programs at individual state Web sites via the Internet at the following URL:

Have more questions? Submit a request